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Botticelli and Humanism

Botticelli (Alessandro Filipepi) was one of the most esteemed painters in Italy in his lifetime, enjoying the patronage of the leading families of Florence, in particular the Medici and their banking clients. He also received enthusiastic praise from the famous mathematician Luca Pacioli and the humanist poet Ugolino Verino. His art increasingly combined the characteristic features of a courtly style (with antecedents ultimately deriving from Angevin Late Gothic art of the previous century) with qualities learnt from the study and analysis of Classical prototypes. The effect of this assimilation--a style simultaneously nuovo and antico--is first apparent in the Primavera.